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Which Statement About Inheritance Is True




Inheritance is one of the essential concepts of object-oriented programming, where a new class can be created from an existing class by extending its features. It allows programmers to create a new class with the properties and methods of an existing class, which is known as the base or parent class. Inheritance provides a way to reuse code and reduce redundancy in programming, making it an essential feature of object-oriented programming. In this article, we will discuss some of the true statements about inheritance, which will help readers to understand this concept more comprehensively.

True Statements About Inheritance:


Inheritance Is A Mechanism Of Reusing Code:

Inheritance is a powerful mechanism that allows programmers to reuse the code written in a parent class by inheriting its features into a child class. It saves time and effort by eliminating the need for writing similar code again and again in different classes. The child class can access all the non-private properties and methods of the parent class, which helps to reduce redundancy and make the code more efficient.

Inheritance Allows For The Creation Of a Hierarchical Class Structure:

Inheritance allows the creation of a hierarchical class structure, where classes can be organized into a hierarchy based on their relationships with each other. The base or parent class is at the top of the hierarchy, and the child classes are below it. This hierarchy can be used to create a more organized and manageable code structure that is easy to maintain and extend.

Inheritance Helps To Achieve Polymorphism:

Polymorphism is one of the fundamental concepts of object-oriented programming, which allows objects of different classes to be treated as if they belong to a common class. Inheritance plays a vital role in achieving polymorphism by allowing objects of child classes to be treated as objects of the parent class. This means that a method or property that is defined in the parent class can be used by objects of both the parent and child classes, which makes the code more flexible and adaptable.

Inheritance Can Be Of Two Types: Single And Multiple Inheritance:

Inheritance can be of two types: single and multiple inheritance. In single inheritance, a child class can inherit from only one parent class, while in multiple inheritance, a child class can inherit from multiple parent classes. Single inheritance is simpler to understand and implement, while multiple inheritance is more complex and requires careful design to avoid ambiguity and confusion.

Inheritance Promotes Code Reuse And Maintenance:

Inheritance promotes code reuse and maintenance by reducing the amount of code that needs to be written and maintaining a hierarchical structure of classes. When a change is made in the parent class, it automatically reflects in all the child classes that inherit from it, which makes it easier to maintain and modify the code. It also makes the code more efficient and scalable, as new classes can be easily created by extending the features of existing classes.


Inheritance is a powerful mechanism in object-oriented programming that allows programmers to reuse code and create a hierarchical structure of classes. It is an essential feature of OOP that helps to achieve polymorphism, reduce redundancy, and promote code reuse and maintenance. Inheritance can be of two types: single and multiple inheritance, and careful design is required while implementing multiple inheritance to avoid ambiguity and confusion. Overall, inheritance is a valuable concept in programming that plays a vital role in making the code more efficient, scalable, and easy to maintain.  

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