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The aim of this paper is to discuss the social issue of child abuse in a form of emotional abuse in their surroundings. This essay will analyze how the children can face emotionally dejected and violent due to emotional abuse and become the victim of traumatic stress. The essay will analyze risk and protective factors for the impacts of the emotional abuse on children and conclude with the needs of these victims to overcome the situation.

Child Abuse:

Any kind of intentional harm to a child is considered as abuse that can cause a permanent physical and emotional scar to their lives. Child has has many forms, physical, sexual, emotional and medical. In all of the cases, children becomes the helpless entity to suffer without establishing their rights.

Emotional abuse is a pattern of behaviour that can damage the sense of self-worth of the children and impact negatively to their emotional development. Here the persons withhold needed love and support to the children and abuse them by rejecting, criticizing, threatening, demeaning and derating the children (Sun, Liu and Yu 2019). In addition to this, name calling and insulting are also process of humiliation that leads to emotional abuse.

Emotional abuse can take place in home, school and playgrounds even. This can be done from the closest persons associated with them (Gardner, Thomas and Erskine 2019). The children mostly depend upon their parents and the persons looking after them. In some cases, they are close to their teachers and friends. The survey reveals that the emotional dependence of children upon these people make them more vulnerable for children. The perpetrations manipulate them and control these children by using actions and words that are emotionally damaging and hurtful.
Some key issues can be lower self-esteem of the vulnerable children, poor control over their emotions and history of stress in the family life. The relationship between the parents and the care givers actually manipulate the children to a great extent (Christ et al. 2021). This is the reasons why the children with divorced or separated parents undergo tremendous emotional issues and break emotionally quite easily on comparison to the other children of same age.

There are several immediate and long term impact of the emotional abuse of children which mainly include lacking confidence and causing anger issues. The children undergoing emotional issues can be highly critical in their lives. The anger problems can be unmanageable with time as they grow towards adulthood. These children starts to think that they are the reasons of their emotional abuse which often push them to suffer in lack of confidence to make any decision by themselves.

The victims of emotional abuse can grow attachment problems as they cannot develop and maintain healthy attachments. The attachment issues in the early childhood can enhance risk of trouble in intimacy and difficulty with conflict resolution (Seddighi et al. 2021). These children are linked to delinquency and aggressive behaviours and repeat the cycle of abuse to others. It is found that highly bullied children can be oppressors as they grow. The possibilities of suicide and mental illness or self-harm increases.

Risk And Protective Factors For The Impacts:

In order to mitigate the issues of emotional abuse continued on the child for long, there can be various measures taken. As the hidden can be the victim of emotional abuse in their home or other places, and these are not visible or some time explainable, the risks gets higher. The children can be emotionally abused by the parents or the closest relatives or teachers, in such cases they cannot explain or notify these factors to anyone but suffer profusely. This hampers their emotional wellbeing and development (Saini et al. 2019). Exclusive expectation from the parents to exactly follow a strict schedule it fulfil parents’ dreams can be abusive for children. These can be connected to the sociological aspects. The children gradually becomes what society is expects rather than living in their own terms.

The children can grow violent if they find this is the way to stop getting bullied or abused. It grows high chances for the children to take resort to violent measures as a solution to the problems. The parents here can be an important factor for these children to be saved. Their attention to the emotional upbringing of these children matter the most (Kumari 2020). High expectation beyond the child’s capacity in studies or other activities can create pressure upon their minds. The children identify their parents to be the first person in the world hence their conduct must not be against the standard.

The impact of emotional abuse needs to be reduced. The coach and teachers can also extend help for the children to be cured (Jaroenkajornkij, Lev-Wiesel and Binson, 2022). The friends can identify the changes of behavior and state those to their parents or teachers. The cases of anger issues or anxiety and violence originated as the result of emotional abuse therefore can be mitigated with the support of these teachers or coaches.

Needs For Children:

Emotion of the children are to be realized popery because they are innocent and have less life experiences they require proper direction in lives and it is the responsibility of the parents and people taking care of them or teaching them to focus on their wellbeing and development. The children require to express emotion and curiosities in lives.
They actually want to bounce balks after feeling any overwhelming situation. Some of the incidents can be surprising or shocking for their innocent minds hence they need attention and care because they are they cannot grow without proper support like a plant (Zeanah and Humphreys, 2018). In the more positive atmosphere they stay, the more they are well behaved.

The need for control impulses are also necessary otherwise children become disobedient and arrogant. The feeling of strong emotion like frustration, disappointment and excitement  are dangerous for children hence their behaviors needs to be channelized properly so that the emotional trauma does not affect or continue affecting in the adulthood also.

In different stages of age, children learn about emotion. For instance, in 3 years the children develop language for emotions. Children during these ages can relate the emotion but they cannot use words to describe these emotions. Hence the parents or care givers must record their particular emotions and allow them to talk about it (Zeanah and Humphreys 2018). By 9 years of age, children learn to understand and manage emotions. They learn to practice recognizing and naming emotions hence emotional activity is necessary for them.

Conclusion on Child Abuse

Therefore, it can be concluded that emotional abuse can be dangerous for children’s growth. The brain development of children get hampered and many mental issues can grow if emotional abuse with children continues. In some cases the protective factors often make them meek and weak which ultimately push them cause post-traumatic stress disorder. Depending upon vulnerability of the child, these factors may grow with time. Direct intervention from the parents and coaches can lead children to overcome these problems hence attention to the emotional changes must be done. 


Christ, C., De Waal, M.M., Dekker, J.J., van Kuijk, I., Van Schaik, D.J., Kikkert, M.J., Goudriaan, A.E., Beekman, A.T. and Messman-Moore, T.L., 2019. Linking childhood emotional abuse and depressive symptoms: The role of emotion dysregulation and interpersonal problems. PloS one, 14(2), p.e0211882.
Gardner, M.J., Thomas, H.J. and Erskine, H.E., 2019. The association between five forms of child maltreatment and depressive and anxiety disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Child abuse & neglect, 96, p.104082.
Jaroenkajornkij, N, Lev-Wiesel, R. and Binson, B. 2022. Use of self-figure drawing as an assessment tool for child abuse: differentiating between sexual, physical, and emotional abuse. Children, 9(6), 868.
Kumari, V., 2020. Emotional abuse and neglect: time to focus on prevention and mental health consequences. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 217(5), pp.597-599.
Saini, S.M., Hoffmann, C.R., Pantelis, C., Everall, I.P. and Bousman, C.A., 2019. Systematic review and critical appraisal of child abuse measurement instruments. Psychiatry research, 272, pp.106-113.
Seddighi, H., Salmani, I., Javadi, M.H. and Seddighi, S., 2021. Child abuse in natural disasters and conflicts: A systematic review. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 22(1), pp.176-185.
Sun, J., Liu, Q. and Yu, S., 2019. Child neglect, psychological abuse and smartphone addiction among Chinese adolescents: The roles of emotional intelligence and coping style. Computers in Human Behavior, 90, pp.74-83.
Zeanah, C.H. and Humphreys, K.L., 2018. Child abuse and neglect. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 57(9), pp.637-644.

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