Get Best Essay Written by US Essay Writers
Phone no. Missing!

Please enter phone for your order updates and other important order related communication.

Add File

Files Missing!

Please upload all relevant files for quick & complete assistance.

The aim of this paper is to discuss the learning from and social experience of family and culture in the childhood. This is a reflection which covers the personal experiences with the culture and how relations contribute in the development of a child. There will be three theories to analyse those experiences which include like Vygotsky's Sociocultural Theory, Erikson's Psychosocial Stages and Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Theories. These persona experiences will analyse how a child can grow knowledge and develop itself through relationship and experiences in the years from 4 to 12.

My nationally is Nepalese which is completely different from the western culture followed in Australia. I have send my childhood entirely in Nepal which is a land locked country having neighbors like China and India. The Nepalese culture is highly influenced by its neighboring countries in terms of religion and promotes both Hinduism and Buddhism. My country is an example of peaceful coexistence of people from different caste and creed. I belong to a highly respected family as my father is a teacher. Education was always a priority of the entire community and my father put importance to learning because of his own profession. But in some parts there were not enough schools and study materials so children had to struggle to study which ultimately affect the upbringing of the children from the preliminary classes. I am grown in a small village where people lived together in a community as a family member. People are so cooperative and work together for the betterment of community In Nepal, the education system is highly diversified because there is a great influence of religion and culture in the texts studied (Rana & Rana, 2020). Vernacular language that is Nepalese are studied along with English and Hindi as the culture is highly influenced by the Indian culture. We have been supported in terms of social and educational growth from India as Nepal depended upon that country for any kind of business or trade.

Nepalese culture is traditional and we put important to the family and relationship over anything. In most of the towns and cities in this small nation in the lap of Himalaya are consisted of joint families till now. In my childhood, I had lived with my parents, grandparents and paternal uncles. I have been brought up in a closely linked family with my five cousins having less detachment from one another. My culture has taught me to respect the head of the family who is the oldest person that was my grandfather. My father and uncles used to listen and obey their old father even if they are adults or middle aged. I have seen my family to pay importance to experience and life views of the elderly persons. This is common for any household that the family heads run the house. After my grandfather’s death, my grandma had taken that place and I have seen how meekly my parents used to listen to her words and followed her directions. This had made me to follow the same culture of paying respect to the elders. This led to a huge family living together, sharing all their problems and happiness together. The children in such families develop positive behaviors with less self-centric ideology and grow collaborative learning as they find their family members doing so (Upadhyay, 2018).
In the first four years of my life I have not been to school as the culture lets the children to learn basic behavior at home and playground. In my childhood I had made friends and groups in my neighborhood who later became my schoolmates also. Nepalese parents put more focus on the physical activities in the real playground hence we did not need videogames in our childhood. The parents brought me up teaching to struggle to achieve something from the very beginning and did not pamper without any reason. The culture teaches to help each other at any situation. Therefore I found many of our relatives were being supported financially by my grandparents. Helping the helpless means to serve the god, this tradition is much popular in my country and I have learnt the same from this culture.

Vygotsky's Sociocultural Theory:

My upbringing was an exclusive one as the process was highly recommended by the social cultural theory of Vygotsky's Sociocultural Theory where the theorist believes that relatives, parents, peers, teachers and society  as community members play vial role in forming a higher level of functioning of the children. To this theory, every function in the children’s cultural and behavioral development appears twice; first at the social level and second at social level. The theory mentions that the skills children learn first are related to their interactions which others around them. After that the take these information from others’ response and use them within themselves (Erbil, 2020). This sociological theory emotions that the sign systems from the culture of the children can change their behaviour and connect hem early or later for the developmental course at individual level. Vygotsky was the strongest supporter of the idea that children learn from other people of the same culture that helps them develop psychological and social factors like language and intersection facilities with life (Akçayir and Akçayir, 2018). This theory has three segments which include proximal development, private speech and make believe play.

Here the psychological tools are the language, counting system, writing styles and conventional signs (McLeod, 2020). I have learnt counting at my home even before going to the preliminary schools. The Nepalese mothers put important of learning the preliminary curriculum at home. I learnt to count the numbers my counting the fruit and flowers in or garden. These counting system was in my vernacular language at firs but I also learnt English counting simultaneously as English plays vital role for the higher studies in Nepal. To this theory, the culture of which a person is surrounded actually dictates which type of social intersections, tools and cultural values will be used for learning new skills or overcome issues (Pathan et al., 2018). After vising Australia I have seen the difference of children learning through family and culture. The western families put importance to the technology and education at school but back at my home in Nepal the traditional or indigenous style is followed to let children play and learn from the nature or surroundings.

Erikson's Psychosocial Stages:

As it has been mentioned that Nepalese culture is highly traditional where the community and family comes first before individual thoughts. According to Erikson's Psychosocial Stages, there are eight stages of human psychological development (Maree, 2021). These stages are psychological tools are the determinants how the persons experience psychological crisis from infancy to adulthood from which they learn. According to this theorist, these crises have psychological nature as they involve the psychological needs of the individuals that conflicts with the need of the society. From the age 4 to 12, the third and fourth stages of this theory is applicable. The third stage is initiative vs guilt that relates to basic virtue of purpose and fourth stage is identity vs inferiority that improves competency. In the third stage that is from 3 to 5 years, the children assert themselves more frequently through social interactions and directive play (Orenstein & Lewis, 2021).

During this time, most of the Nepalese children like me start to go to school and interact with the students from various places. I started to differentiate my playmates from the schoolmates and the difference of interaction was also realized gradually. In school I used to be more obedient and attentive in my interaction with the schoolmates and teachers as a fear of being scolded was always present. I have been brought up in a strict traditional family therefore any punishment in the school or disobedience used to be seen as shame before the family members. I remember, once my school teacher had asked for my patents to the school for a minor misconduct. I had to face a shameful comments from them at home and my cousins even bullied me to feel guilty. During these years. Children regularly interact with others at schools and playing becomes the central learning process that explored my interpersonal skills. The children develop the feelings of security and take initiatives to take decisions in support of themselves (Syed & Fish, 2018).

In the fourth stage as mentioned in the theory I started to wrote and learn regularly. My parents had created a routine of study times that I had to follow strictly despite there was no such pressure of studying. I started to do sums of my own and learnt to eat by myself. To the theorist, teachers in this stage start to take an important role and they teach specific skills. The peer groups take major step for the development of interpersonal skills. The children are reinforced to take their own initiatives and grow self-esteem. However I had grown this esteem factor much before I entered this fourth stage as unlike western education system or culture. My Nepalese culture teaches me about face loss or disrespectful activates to have negative response.

Bronfenbrenners Ecological Theories:

Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Theories mention that personal development of a person is affected by everything that the person is surrounded by (Tudge & Rosa, 2019). The theorist as divide the environment into five different levels which include microsystems, mesosystem, exosystem, macrosystem and chronosystem. Microsystem is the systems to be closest to the child and one he has the direct connection with. This includes the experience gathered from the peers¸ friends, family, and caregivers. The relation here is dependent upon how these people are reacting towards the child that develops a mechanic of response to treat them in a same way in return. For example, one of my maternal uncle used to come to our house and did not have a good conduct towards my parents. I had developed a disrespectful response towards him. In mesosystem, the children deals with the interaction between the different parts of its microsystem. Mesosystem is interconnected with the people in microsystem (Guy-Evans, 2020). For example, my parents and teachers we were linked as all of them were working hard to give a supportive surrounding for learning. Exosystem is the setting where the child is brought up and affect the growth process. This can be related to my parental house to be affected by flood once and we had to take shelter to the nearest school for it. Macrosystem is related to larger cultural context this is associated with the cultural learning that I have mentioned before related to the traditional ideology of child’s upbringing in my culture. Chronosystem is related to major incidents and timing affecting the child’ growth which I do not find applicable for me as nothing like that happened during my 4 to 12 years of age.

Therefore it can be concluded that cultural and social background contribute directly in the children’s growth. These relations contribute in the growth of feelings of security, friendships, decision making and problem solving. Positive and ethical up bring of the child lead it to flourish biologically, psychologically and socially.
Akçayir, G., and Akçayir, M. (2018). The flipped classroom: A review of its advantages and challenges. Computers & Education, 126, 334–345. doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2018.07.021
Erbil, D. G. (2020). A review of flipped classroom and cooperative learning method within the context of Vygotsky theory. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 1157.
Guy-Evans, O. (2020). Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory. https://www. simplypsychology. org/Bronfenbrenner. html. Retrieved from
Maree, J. G. (2021). The psychosocial development theory of Erik Erikson: critical overview. Early Child Development and Care, 191(7-8), 1107-1121.
McLeod, S. (2020). Lev Vygotsky's sociocultural theory.
Orenstein, G. A., & Lewis, L. (2021). Eriksons stages of psychosocial development. In StatPearls [Internet]. StatPearls Publishing. Retrieved from
Pathan, H., Memon, R. A., Memon, S., Khoso, A. R., & Bux, I. (2018). A critical review of Vygotsky’s socio-cultural theory in second language acquisition. International Journal of English Linguistics, 8(4), 232.
Rana, K., & Rana, K. (2020). ICT Integration in Teaching and Learning Activities in Higher Education: A Case Study of Nepal's Teacher Education. Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Technology, 8(1), 36-47. Retrieved from
Syed, M., & Fish, J. (2018). Revisiting Erik Erikson’s legacy on culture, race, and ethnicity. Identity, 18(4), 274-283.
Tudge, J., & Rosa, E. M. (2019). Bronfenbrenner's ecological theory. The encyclopedia of child and adolescent development, 1-11.
Upadhyay, J. P. (2018). Higher education in Nepal. Pravaha, 24(1), 96-108.

Hurry and fill the order form

Say goodbye to dreadful deadlines