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The obesity is the complex health condition and it has been influenced by social and environmental factors that affects ability of individual for maintaining healthy weight. It can help in increasing risk of the chronic conditions like cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancers. The Australians have to be empowered and enabled that can help the people for making best possible decisions regarding their health (Keramat et al. 2021). It has been brought out with the help of National Health Survey of Australian Bureau of Statistics that 67 % of the Australian adults had been overweight which has been found to increase from that of 63. 4% since the year 2014-15 (Buru et al. 2020). The Australians having good health are able to lead fulfilling lives which can enable them to participate fully within the community. This literature review throws light on the research gap and existing theories which have helped to shed valuable light on the subject. This literature review elaborates on the underpinning perspective and implications of the research on the present study.

Research Gap

The previous research have thrown light on how obesity acts as a potential risk factor for the people living in Australia. It has talked about why obesity is the public health concern within Australia and how it contributes to the disease burden in Australia. The research gap exists as there has not been sufficient research on the trends about the prevalence of obesity in the country (Keramat et al. 2021). It has not talked about the trends of adulthood obesity and the various factors that have increased the number of obese people within Australia. It has not helped in capturing the association in between geographical remoteness and the adulthood obesity within Australia. It has not talked about the obesity rates of the young people and the various causes that have increased chances of people for becoming obese in Australia.

Existing Theories

The self-theories approach of Dweck’s has helped to suggest that the people have beliefs about malleability of the personal attributes like intelligence, personality and the morality. The attributes can be said to change over the course of time and it helps to suggest that the characteristics have been fixed and unchangeable (Sainsbury et al. 2018). The implicit theories of the attributes are said to have crucial implications in regard to motivation and the goal setting. The incremental theorists has helped to bring out that there can be striving for the goals by making use of mastery more than that of the helpless-oriented strategies. The goal-relevant strategies can help to mediate positive impact of the incremental theorists of the ability on achievement of goals within various range of the contexts. The incremental theories can help in the self-regulation of behaviour so that they are consistent with the goals. The implicit beliefs regarding malleability of the health-relevant domains can help in the prediction of motivation and the achievement (Huse et al. 2018). The obesity can be said to be related to range of the negative health impacts and unhealthy diets are responsible for the development of life-threatening diseases for an individual.

Underpinning Perspectives

There exists the view among the clinical managers that obesity is an issue related to community-based services but there does not exist the capacity for the undertaking of obesity prevention. There has been ever-increasing demand for the health services and community caseload has helped to take on the clinically complex issues. It has been found that there exists continued focus on need for the individual change which has helped to contribute to stigma and the blame within broader society (Black, Hughes and Jones 2018). It cannot fail to result in the positive change at the individual or the societal level. It has been difficult for the health services for moving beyond discourse of the choice and the responsibility and the society has continued to blame the individuals for the own issues but the negative effect that it creates on weight within the broader society. The people having obesity have the tendency for the application of individual blame-centred discourse to that of the own situation. It can help to frame weight gain as being shortcoming of the motivation or the inability for dealing with the specific challenges (Ananthapavan et al. 2018). The framing of obesity can be stated to be matter of choice and it can help in the simplification of complex problem. It can act as ‘excuse’ for the inaction and shifting responsibility towards the individual having obesity can help in the reduction of level of the responsibility within wider social and the economic system (Lee et al. 2018).

Implications Of Present Research

The implications of the present research has helped to bring out the fact that it can be found within lower socio-economic classes that can leave influence on the conditions of living of people within a particular country. Increasing prevalence of the obesity has been found to have strong association with growing rates of the chronic diseases. It has been found that within Australia, two-thirds of the adults have been found to be obese and rate has been found to increase in a steady manner over the course of last 20 years (Coronado-Ferrer et al. 2022). The obesity can create the way for heart disease, cancer and kidney and they has been found to be related to reduced amount of productivity and higher incurring of healthcare costs. The health services can play a crucial role for treating obesity however there has been an increased emphasis on prevention that can help to ensure well-being of the individuals within wider society (Goel et al. 2020).


It is believed by the clinical managers that obesity is related to that of community-based services and prevention strategies have been found to fail within the wider society. There exists role of health services and community services have proved to be useful for addressing clinically complex issues. The obesity can be framed as matter of choice and it can be of great value to simplify complex problem. It can help in signifying excuse for the inaction and individual can take up responsibility that can help to reduce obesity within Australia.


Ananthapavan, J., Sacks, G., Brown, V., Moodie, M., Nguyen, T.M.P., Barendreg, J., Veerman, J.L., Herrera, A.M.M., Lal, A., Peeters, A. and Carter, R., 2018. Assessing cost-effectiveness of obesity prevention policies in Australia. Deakin university.
Black, N., Hughes, R. and Jones, A.M., 2018. The health care costs of childhood obesity in Australia: An instrumental variables approach. Economics & Human Biology, 31, pp.1-13.
Buru, K., Emeto, T.I., Malau-Aduli, A.E. and Malau-Aduli, B.S., 2020, November. The efficacy of school-based interventions in preventing adolescent obesity in Australia. In Healthcare (Vol. 8, No. 4, p. 514). MDPI.
Coronado-Ferrer, S., Ferrer-Sapena, A., Aleixandre-Benavent, R., Valderrama Zurián, J.C. and Cogollos, L.C., 2022. GlobaL trends in scientific research on pediatric obesity. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(3), p.1251.
Goel, V., Han, H.C., Ha, F., Fendel, K., Farouque, O. and Lim, H., 2020. Obesity and sudden cardiac death in the young: A nationwide retrospective study. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 75(11_Supplement_1), pp.1912-1912.
Huse, O., Hettiarachchi, J., Gearon, E., Nichols, M., Allender, S. and Peeters, A., 2018. Obesity in Australia. Obesity research & clinical practice, 12(1), pp.29-39.
Keramat, S.A., Alam, K., Al-Hanawi, M.K., Gow, J., Biddle, S.J. and Hashmi, R., 2021. Trends in the prevalence of adult overweight and obesity in Australia, and its association with geographic remoteness. Scientific reports, 11(1), pp.1-9.
Keramat, S.A., Alam, K., Gow, J. and Biddle, S.J., 2021. Impact of disadvantaged neighborhoods and lifestyle factors on adult obesity: evidence from a 5-year cohort study in Australia. American Journal of Health Promotion, 35(1), pp.28-37.
Lee, C.M.Y., Goode, B., Nørtoft, E., Shaw, J.E., Magliano, D.J. and Colagiuri, S., 2018. The cost of diabetes and obesity in Australia. Journal of medical economics, 21(10), pp.1001-1005.
Sainsbury, E., Hendy, C., Magnusson, R. and Colagiuri, S., 2018. Public support for government regulatory interventions for overweight and obesity in Australia. BMC Public Health, 18(1), pp.1-11.

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