Biodiversity preservation is mainly related to conservation, protection and the management of the typical habitats and ecosystems and guaranteeing that they remain helpful and healthy. The primary aim of maintaining biodiversity is to guard and reserve species diversity, ensure sustainable management of species and ecosystems and restore and prevent life support systems and ecological processes. Biodiversity refers to the variability of life on earth and can be preserved in the following ways:
In-situ preservation of biodiversity is the conservation of species within the usual habitat. In this system, the natural ecosystem is preserved and protected. This essay will explain you the main benefits of in-situ conservation include that it is a suitable and lucrative technique related to biodiversity. The vast number of the existing organisms is preserved simultaneously. As the organisms are a portion of the natural environment, they have the ability to grow in a better manner. They can also fine-tune to the various environmental conditions easily. Some parts of the endangered areas where the in-situ conservation mainly occurs include national parks, biosphere reserves and wildlife sanctuaries. National Parks are considered to be small reserves preserved by the government, and their boundaries are demarcated properly, including human activities like grazing, forestry, habitat, and cultivation. Wildlife Sanctuaries are considered to be the regions where the wild animals can be found, and other human activities like timber harvesting, cultivation, collection of woods and other forest products are permitted here if they do not interfere with the conservation-related aims. Biosphere Reserves are considered to be multi-purpose, protected areas where the wildlife, traditional lifestyle of the populations and domesticated plants and animals are protected.
Ex-situ preservation of the biodiversity primarily includes preservation and breeding of the rare species that are considered to be a part of artificial ecologies that include nurseries, zoos, gene banks and gardens. The benefits of ex-situ conservation are that the animals can gain a longer time for breeding activity. The species that are bred in captivity can be presented in rugged environments, and genetic methods are used to protect the rare species.
The major strategies that are related to biodiversity conservation are as follows,
All the different types of food, timber plants, livestock, microbes and agricultural animals should be preserved.
All the economically significant creatures need to be recognized and preserved.
Unique ecosystems need to be preserved first.
The various resources have to be used in an efficient way.
Poaching and hunting of the wild animals need to be prohibited.
The reserves and rare areas need to be developed carefully.
The levels of pollutants have to be reduced in the environment.
Deforestation has to be prohibited strictly.
Environmental laws have to be followed strictly.
The valuable and rare species of plants and animals need to be preserved in their natural and artificial habitats.
Public consciousness has to be formed about biodiversity conservation and its consequence.
Biodiversity conservation is vital since biodiversity offers specific services and resources essential for life on earth and offers various social benefits. Preservation of biodiversity can lead to health risks because of the optimistic association between biodiversity and diversity of infectious diseases at the country level. The concept related to ecological services is mainly presented as the responses to the positive and utilitarian view of the ecosystems. The profits and advantages of change in ecosystems and habitats need to be analyzed in order to develop an environment that is highly effective in nature. Ecosystem dysfunctions are considered to be the ecosystem functions or the properties that can cause a negative influence on the well-being of humans that are considered to be damaging, unwanted and unpleasant.
The concept based on ecosystem damages has been mainly established in agriculture for characterizing various agro-ecosystem mechanisms that can reduce the levels of productivity. Health issues like allergies to the animals or pollen can significantly influence the wildlife in the diverse urban parks. The significance of values and insights related to nature and ecosystems is also essential to the notion of ecosystem facilities. Condemnations of the ecosystem damages and the numerous criticisms related to notion of the ecosystem services can be divided into different categories discussed further. First is the adverse insight of species: should they be analyzed in terms of damages produced by ecosystems or psychological responses related to bio-phobia or disgust? The second is mainly connected to the state of ecosystems to which it can refer.
Preservation of biodiversity is seldom an official management goal in fisheries. Fishing can encourage genetic variations through unintended selective breeding because of intensive, nonrandom fishing mortality. We select and breed persons with characters that we desire in deliberate non-natural selection (as for farm animals). But in fishing, we eliminate from the breeding population those individuals with the traits we hope. Fishing activities can also cause evolution, and evolution is considered to be an alteration that is mainly relative to the occurrence of the genes. Fishing is relatively concentrated in different places, leading to advanced chances of dying among the fishes. Fishing can also alter the inherited characteristics of the population in two different ways that include, 1) by implementing a selective pressure that kills individuals based on specific characters, like size or age; and (2) by implementing a casual force so strong that the population is worn-out low enough to lose genes from the pool. Genes can be mainly related to growth rate, age of the sexual adulthood and size that can be influenced by fishing, Growth of overfishing can prevent fishes from reaching to large sizes, and it can result in the population of fish that are genetically preprogrammed in order to mature and also breed newer and at the reduced size. Fishes can be programmed genetically for the purpose of producing at the younger ages.
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