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Water is considered the most essential resource required for life to sustain on Earth after the air. Air and water together support the life system on the planet. In this essay, you will learn that colloquially is it said that when we save water, we save a life. This is because water is no longer an abundant resource that is unlimited in supply. Human activities have posed such threats to the resource to such an extent that there is an utter need to save water. Human activities like pollution and uncontrolled usage have led to water shortages in various places (Abbott et al. 2019). The availability of water in various areas around the globe is not equal, and this also means that freshwater for human use is a scarce resource.
A scarce resource does not have an unlimited supply. Even if water is the dominant natural resource on the planet, where 70% of the planet is covered in seas and oceans, freshwater only matters for human use. Human beings use water for household purposes and industrial purposes. For household purposes, fresh water for drinking, cooking, washing clothes, and utensils becomes a priority. In industrial use, water is mainly used as a coolant. The human population, human activities have doubled since the dawn of the industrial revolution. This was when used for water was not limited to household uses but also for commercial purposes. Due to heavy industrialization and unsustainable production, usage of many chemicals have increased by many ties. All these firms easily dump their pollutants to the nearby water body as it is free. In current times man-made pollution to water is at its peak, which reduces the availability of water and hence makes it a scarce resource for human beings (Haida et al. 2019). If you also want to get best-quality college essays with no plagiarism then contact us.
Pollution can be defined as the foreign particles' presence, which makes the water hazardous for human use and consumption. Our body needs fresh water for drinking because water is the primary fluid that transports nutrients to all body parts. But due to pollution, there is a scarcity of water in many places around the world where freshwater scarcity has caused various diseases. For example, in many African nations and Asian nations, the groundwater level is not enough due to climatic conditions. Access to wells and tube wells is very critically tricky. People either wait several hours to get water or travel deep in areas to fetch drinking water (Mekonnen and Hoekstra 2016).
Freshwater is only 2.5% of the planet's water sources and needs to be divided among the 7 billion population of the planet. This presents a scenario that tells us that water availability per human is low on a dangerous level. Due to natural causes, people are forced to consume water contaminated with chemicals and hazardous material like arsenic, which is toxic and carcinogenic in nature. About 87% of the groundwater in the country of Bangladesh is contaminated with arsenic making the freshwater availability in this nation very low (Hasan, Shahriar and Jim 2019). Natural chemicals contaminate water, and untreated sanitary water contaminates fresh water, causing severe health hazards in about 2 billion people worldwide.
Coming to the man-made pollution of plastic, chemical waste of the industries and factories, household sewage are dumped into both rivers are oceans. In many parts of the world, rivers are also a source of fresh water, which is generally treated for human consumption. But a high degree of chemical wastes and hazards make it so unsafe and toxic that treatment cannot make it fit for consumption. Plastic waste is a severe problem where the use of plastic makes the water polluted for a very long period of time. The decomposition time of plastic is sometimes 100 years, making it stay in the environment as in its initial shape for very long and making the pollution period prolonged.
This is the hazard caused by plastic, which poses problems to human consumption and the biodiversity in the water bodies. The problem of dumping industrial wastes into rivers, making them unfit for human consumption, is the next big problem for which man human lives are lost per year. Drinking such chemicals and toxic materials in water causes diseases causing cancer, intentional problems, and prolonged exposure to toxicity reduces the immune system over a long period of time (Distefano and Kelly 2017). Agricultural fields are the primary source of how even groundwater is getting polluted. The usage of chemical fertilizers and insecticides seep into the soil through the pores of rocks to pollute the groundwater. This groundwater is then used by digging wells and tube wells. Rainwater is an essential source of fresh water, which too is getting polluted due to air pollution.
The importance of saving water is thus crucial as wastage of water adds to shortages (Mekonnen and Hoekstra 2018). Apart from pollution, water wastage makes water shortages in almost all places where water is abundant. But in the coming ten years or so, the area can face an acute shortage. Saving water is saving life provides a sense that water is the driver of civilizations, and saving water in any part of the world is meant to save a single life in some other parts of the world. When it is impossible to generate freshwater by manufacturing, it is essential to realise that water is a non-renewable resource that is once lost to pollution might not be able to get when needed (Zhang et al. 2018).
Water is the life-supporting system needed to support life on Earth. Historical evidence shows that when civilizations had no access to enough water or river might have changed their course, the civilization either moved near water or completely vanished. Saving water from pollution or wastage is needed when only 2.5% of fresh water is available on Earth, and that too is depleting at a high rate (Inyinbor Adejumoke et al. 2017). Almost all sources of water are getting polluted. Under such a situation, there needs to be conservation and recycling of water through various methods. The method can start at the micro-level where the households are responsible for saving water; individual firms are responsible not to dump untreated and educate people about the importance of water in life and society. Each household tries to conserve and recycle water.
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Abbott, B.W., Bishop, K., Zarnetske, J.P., Minaudo, C., Chapin, F.S., Krause, S., Hannah, D.M., Conner, L., Ellison, D., Godsey, S.E. and Plont, S., 2019. Human domination of the global water cycle absent from depictions and perceptions. Nature Geoscience, 12(7), pp.533-540.
Distefano, T. and Kelly, S., 2017. Are we in deep water? Water scarcity and its limits to economic growth. Ecological Economics, 142, pp.130-147.
Haida, C., Chapagain, A.K., Rauch, W., Riede, M. and Schneider, K., 2019. From water footprint to climate change adaptation: Capacity development with teenagers to save water. Land use policy, 80, pp.456-463.
Hasan, M.K., Shahriar, A. and Jim, K.U., 2019. Water pollution in Bangladesh and its impact on public health. Heliyon, 5(8), p.e02145.
Inyinbor Adejumoke, A., Adebesin Babatunde, O., Oluyori Abimbola, P., Adelani Akande Tabitha, A., Dada Adewumi, O. and Oreofe Toyin, A., 2018. Water pollution: effects, prevention, and climatic impact. Water Challenges of an Urbanizing World, 33, pp.33-47.
Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y., 2016. Four billion people facing severe water scarcity. Science advances, 2(2), p.e1500323.
Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y., 2018. Global anthropogenic phosphorus loads to freshwater and associated grey water footprints and water pollution levels: A high‐resolution global study. Water resources research, 54(1), pp.345-358.
Zhang, L., Qin, X., Tang, J., Liu, W. and Yang, H., 2017. Review of arsenic geochemical characteristics and its significance on arsenic pollution studies in karst groundwater, Southwest China. Applied geochemistry, 77, pp.80-88.
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