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Change Comes After Urbanization - Read Essay


Urbanization - Introduction

Urbanization is the transformation of rural areas into cities. Through the process of urbanization, a particular section of the population from the rural areas moves to cities. Urbanization has led to increased opportunities for jobs, higher education, improvements in technologies, and easier access to basic facilities. Urbanization has led to advancement in the technologies in the industries. This has also provided the citizens with different resources such as electricity, transportation, healthcare facilities, clean water, entertainment, and so on. Urbanization has also caused negative impacts on the world. The process of urbanization has led to an increase in the growth of population, congestion of roads and traffic, rise in crime rates, deforestation, depletion of natural resources, pollution, and so on.

Main Body

Urbanization is a typical attribute of human civilization and the center of social life, politics, and the economy. It is a term derived from the Latin word “urb” which implies city. The main need for urbanization is that people who are in poverty push themselves forward toward the progress of industrialized urban centers. If the development is not administered correctly, it can lead to a rise in the level of crime, pollution, and slum areas. Urbanization has more disadvantages than advantages. However, with correct policies and sustainable ways of land use, the growth in the urban regions can be enhanced and the development in these areas can thrive efficiently.


Urbanization is one of the most popular trends in today’s world. It is the movement of the population from a rural region to a city. It is one of the most common economic characteristics where there is a shift in the population and growth in the process of industrialization. The process of urbanization holds two common meanings – demographical and sociological. Demographical urbanization refers to the balance of the population in the region that resides in the cities. On the other hand, sociological urbanization refers to the behaviors, institutions, and otherworldly things that have an impact on urban areas.


Urbanization occurs due to the huge opportunities and better living standards. It is predicted by experts that by the end of 2050, 64% of the developing nations and 84% of the developed nations will become urbanized. One of the major causes of urbanization is employment. The movement of the rural population to the urban regions is mainly because of food, shelter, and job opportunities. Political chaos plays a vital role in the process of urbanization. Some economic factors such as poverty, issues faced by farmers, and migration to cities in search of jobs are also responsible for the process of urbanization in the world.


Another important reason behind urbanization is the facilities for high-quality education. The urban regions offer scope for studying in technical universities and colleges that attract students from the rural regions to the cities. Environmental deterioration, imbalances in the ecology, expansion of industries, and mining hampers the natural conditions for agricultural households and thus contribute to urbanization.


Another essential cause of urbanization is the social cause. Many young citizens shift from urban areas to rural areas to escape the conservative culture and search for a better lifestyle. The urban regions contain pubs and clubs that attract young citizens.


Urbanization comes with a lot of benefits. It provides access to efficient resources such as electricity, housing, clean water, and necessities of life than the rural regions. Urbanization offers improved access to essential facilities such as entertainment, education, transportation, and healthcare facilities. The two major end products of urbanization are commercialization and industrialization. Urbanizations are critical disseminators and creators of knowledge and values. The geographical closeness of different people promotes the generation of new ideas. Urbanization leads to technological development and the administration of different technologies. The people of urban regions experience and discover the latest technological developments that contradict the rural individuals who are ignorant of the current events. Moreover, some or most of the resources remain inaccessible to the rural households.


Urbanization has made life more affordable which has led to the rise in the level of population. The migration of citizens from the rural areas to the urban areas leads to overcrowding and blocking of transportation and public spaces. The growth of the population is one of the major factors behind the rise in the level of unemployment with a rise in the cost of living. Urbanization has to high level of competition in different fields leading to the attainment of senior positions. It has also boosted the rental amounts and the accommodations of slums. Urbanization also leads to inadequate facilities and promotes problems such as diarrhea, plague, and typhoid. This has led to a rise in the rate of crime, thefts, murders, kidnaps, rapes, and hijackings. Road congestion and traffic jams are two major problems faced by the citizens in urban regions. Hence, urbanization is both the solution and harm to society. With the huge level of benefits, the rate of urbanization also poses serious concerns to humanity.


The large-scale urban development has made some important contributions to the economy of India. It has expanded the country’s production system which has led to the way of large-scale production of commodities and services. The expansion of the economy has led to the rise of towns and cities. Rapid urbanization in the whole world has led to the growth of big cities along with a rise in the rate of population.


Urbanization is an important factor in the growth of large cities and towns. It has led to the migration of people from the rural areas to the urban regions. The rate of urbanization has led to the growth of the population and increased job opportunities. Urbanization also provides a better standard of living. The main disadvantage of urbanization is the rise in the rate of population and congestion of roads leading to traffic jams. It is also one of the major reasons behind the rise in the level of pollution. Thus, the government needs to bring in correct policies such that the level of urbanization can bring in more advantages than disadvantages. Otherwise, you can take essay help services on any essay topic. Our expert team is available 24/7 for you at

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