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What is the green revolution?


Green Revolution Essay

The green revolution, also known as the third agricultural revolution, can be contemplated as the set of research technology transferring initiatives in the 1950s to 1960s. Additionally, the green revolution increased agricultural production worldwide to a greater extent in different parts of the world. This particular initiative resulted in new technological adoption, including high-yield variants, newer methods of cultivations, controlled water supply, and others. This essay will teach you the key elements of the revolution include the utilisation of the latest technologies to improve capital inputs, using high yielding variants of seeds, adopting contemporary farming methods, consolidation of land holdings, and appropriate use of chemical fertilisers. In the Green Revolution, the output of grains especially rice and wheat, increased significantly. This was largely due to the introduction of new high-yielding varieties in developing countries from the middle of the 20th century. The primary success occurred in Mexico and the Indian subcontinent. Nevertheless, the new varieties of the crops require large amounts of chemical fertilisers and pesticides to obtain high yields, which raise concerns about costs and potential environmental damage.


Furthermore, in developing countries, poor farmers who cannot afford chemical fertilisers and pesticides often get lower yields than old varieties that are more adapted to local conditions and have a certain resistance to diseases and insect pests. Apart from that, agriculture in countries like Mexico, the Philippines, India, China, and Africa got revolutionised to a greater extent with the green revolution. Nevertheless, the key success rates of these aspects were found in Mexico as well as in the Indian subcontinent. The underlying advantages brought by the green revolution includes reducing the amount of greenhouse gas emissions, producing more food to comply with the increasing requirements, and consistent yields even during uncooperative seasons. In addition to that, the reduction of food prices in the global economy due to the consistency and volume of yield that helps to ensure a seamless supply chain was propelled with the green revolution. Furthermore, some indirect advantages such as reducing issues of deforestation, improving the process of plant resistance, and creating more jobs in the developing world were found as the effect of the Green Revolution. Apart from that, supporting other sectors of the economy, reducing the level of poverty and hunger by fulfilling the requirements of yield in the current situation of increasing population is predominantly done with the green revolution. You can also get professional help on college essays.


Despite having multiple advantages, there are several drawbacks such as reducing the biodiversities in cropland structures, deteriorating the soil quality, use of non-sustainable agriculture methods and others. Apart from the key benefits gained from the green revolution, there are also various criticisms. The first is that the increase in food production has led to overpopulation in the world. Furthermore, the second important criticism is that countries such as Africa have not benefited much from the Green Revolution; whilst Asia has significantly grown with the context. Even though technological usage was widespread with the green revolution; however, the main problems with using these technologies here are lack of infrastructure, government corruption, and national insecurity. However, despite these criticisms, the Green Revolution has forever changed the way agriculture is carried out worldwide, benefiting people in many countries that need to increase food production.


Moreover, further researches have depicted those significant issues due to chemical agent exposure in the cropland may occur to a greater extent. Furthermore, the green revolution promotes mono-cropping instead of growing multiple crops which may create soil nutrient depletion. Additionally, chemical fertilisers that are rapidly used for crops since the initiation of the green revolution can create land infertility as well as contaminate groundwater. Apart from that, killing harmful microorganisms and bacteria alongside deteriorating soil alkaline that is not suitable for cultivation are some of the vile effects of the green revolution. Loss of genetic diversity, waterlogging leading to excessive irrigation after the green revolution has been found. The green revolution has increased the technology diffusion rate by increasing the adoption of technology in the field of agriculture that already existed. Modern irrigation aspects, synthetic nitrogen fertilisers, and pesticides were the main technological diffusion found with green revolutions.


On the other hand, over the past fifty years, the developing world has witnessed an extraordinary period of crop productivity despite increasing land values as well as land scarcity. However, significant geographic disparities are found after the green revolution. For example, in Asian countries, nearly 82% of fertile lands are used for yield; nevertheless, in other parts of the world such as Africa or America, only 27% of the fertile lands are being used.

Researchers have suggested that this particular context has a direct link with the population. Nevertheless, with the rising population worldwide, increasing croplands in America and Africa must be focused upon. In current times, the need for a second green revolution is being emphasised upon as food production is not pacing up with burgeoning populations. Worldwide varietal improvements can be highlighted as another reason behind the development of the second green revolution. Providing enough food for the increasing population depicts the importance of the second green revolution. High-intensity and conventional agricultural methods of the first green revolution can be further improved to ensure a seamless proceeding towards the second green revolution. In an estimate found in 2021, the green revolution increased crops by nearly 45% since the initiation.


Serial production of required crops such as maze, rice, wheat and others more than doubled in these times. The production maximised significantly by combining the correct usage of fertiliser, proper irrigation methods as well as seed development. Even though the high yield varieties of crops were emphasised with the green revolution, only a few species with higher yields will continue to be focused upon; others will eventually go extinct. Additionally, several criticisms of green revolutions have been found. In conclusion, it can be said that even though there is some criticism, the green revolution has poured in several benefits that can be further leveraged. Lastly, it can be stated that the use of the second green revolution technology that is expected to be implemented in future will exponentially increase world food production which will be enough to comply with the food requirements.

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