Lao Tzu has also been rendered in the name Laozi. He is an ancient philosopher from China and also a writer. Also, he is a reputed author of the work of Tao Te Ching. Further, he is the founder of philosophical Taosim, also one of the deity belonging to religious Taosim and conventional religions from China. He is also a semi-legendary figure. Usually he is portrayed as a six century BC and at the same time of Confucius during the time of autumn and spring. Nonetheless, few of the current experts has considered him to be living while the time of Warring States time of fourth century BC. Besides, he is one of the core figure from culture of China. He is claimed by the modern people having surname of Li and emperors of Tang dynasty being the founder of the lineage. Apart from that, his tasks are accepted by different Chinese legalism and anti-authoritarian movements.
He belonged to southern state belonging to Zhou dynasty and is seen to be founder of Taosim. He was senior from the same time of Confucius and is claimed to have consulted Confucius on specific matters of rituals. Nevertheless, these philosophies, Confucianism and Taosim are different reactions towards political and social situations of China’s life during the period. As the former one has been addressing conduct, society and social relationships, Taoism has been has been dealing more with distinct properties and a nature centered and spiritual approach towards life. While Lao Tzu has been 80 years old as he left Chu, which is for the present land of Tibet, for disillusioned, saddened and retire that at large society has been unindenting for following way to common goodness. Prior leaving, with the request of guard of Yin Xi, it is recorded that his teachings are there as Tao Te Ching or the way and its power. Further, one of the premises of Tao Te Ching as done by Lao Tzu is that every striving and straining in life has not failed and counterproductive and must endeavour rather that doing nothing. It never indicated that to perform nothing literally, know to identify and after that follow natural powers. This means flowing as per shape of events instead of resisting of fighting natural orders.
In the same manner as the language for demonstrating and expressing aspects of presents and eternal reality is considered, that has own limits. That comprises of ideas, thoughts, words and sounds and could never be demonstrated totally a reality. Moreover, he has been sceptical of dependability of language for demonstrating the actuality due to changeable and traditional nature. Also, he has needed people to abandon understanding as the format of social system making differences and controlling actions and desires. Besides, he has been favouring a way with which people has been using their spontaneous, authentic and natural impulses. Moreover, he has delineated a different between traditional and natural approaches. In the same way as words or thing’s name are used, people understand to differentiate about them. Apart from that, as they make those distinctions, things are categorized in any way and thus they are drawn into social design. In this way, the society has been shaping desires with differences and words and is with the artificial intentions that trouble rises. Firstly, due to social structures there is rise in amount of desires. Next, due to more competitive instead of natural elements. Intentions that are instilled socially has been generating thirst for power and status as expects that are authentically and naturally gaining few and simple. Apart from that, philosophy of his has been advocating freedom, spontaneity and naturalness from desires and social conventions. This means the way in the Tao that indicates to ultimate order from things and finally the basis of actuality. Further, he has instructed people in living happy life at present despite resulting to unneeded distress and turmoil. Also, he has been telling people that people who is able to harmonize with this philosophy would remain with happiness. Some of the most important learnings that has been researched till now as per Derek Lin along with his translations of this are as follows.
He contended that violence is controlled. Otherwise one can result into adverse outcomes. This ideal is for resolving issues in peaceful manner.
The stupid expend of high time deal and attempting energy is to perform all the things and ending up in gaining none. Thus, the one who are actually wise has been appearing to be performing less and achieve things that they need.
People has been commonly performing virtuous acts expecting to garner recognition or praise. Nevertheless, that is not at all virtual. Actual virtue takes place as actions are flowing forth in natural manner and despite any conscious thought or effort.
It is the basis for existence and reality that is uncomplicated and basic. People generate lots of conflicts for own through making all the things more complicated than that has to be. As people understand to simplify lives, they can undergo profound level of satisfaction and this is more meaningful than rewards of material scenario.
As logic comprises of applications found in human affairs that is never all the things. Limits are there to what one can know through reasoning and rationality. For transcending the barriers, one should ink totally with intuition. This is the basis towards insights against knowledge and difference between reading and living Tao.
More people learn, more one understand the extent that there is learning. Invariably that understanding makes one humble. Again, egotism and arrogance from ignorance or understanding less and summing that one understands a lot is included here.
It is seen that he highlighted all quality having meaning just through presence of opposite. Anything that could be large as there is something other that has been little as compared. There is good present in this globe till the evil is existing. Here, one cannot be existing despite other’s existence.