Tips For MLA Citation Style

All You Need To Know About MLA Citation Style


MLA is the most traditional form of the citation style that is used for subjects primarily in the humanities niche. However, this blog is for you if you want to create free MLA referencing without using any MLA citation generator.

According to the 9th edition of the MLA citation and referencing style, you can cite sources in MLA in 2 ways-

  • In-text citation– consisting of the author's last name and page number placed inside the content

  • Works Cited– complete details of the source placed at the end of the document.

An MLA reference must contain hanging indentations with details like:

  • Author

  • Title of source

  • Title of container

  • Other contributors

  • Version

  • Number

  • Publisher

  • Publication date

  • Location

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MLA Citation Style – Paper Format


Whether you use an MLA referencing generator tool or you work manually with the citations, ensure to stick to the following rules to format your paper:

  • Margin 1 inch on all sides

  • Double space the words

  • Indent the paragraphs


Creating the MLA Works Cited List & In-text Citations


Works Cited is the page you add at the end of your document to enter complete details of all the sources you cited in the in-text citations for free MLA referencing. 

Each MLA citation follows the following format to its core:

Author, “Source Title,” “Title of the Container,” Other Contributors, Version, Number, Publisher, Publication date, Location,

However, the format changes with the source. For example, if you are citing:

  • A Book With No Edition Mentioned And Published By An Organisation


The work cited entry will be:

Organization. Book Title. Publisher, Year of Publication

Example:

Academic Writing Association. The MLA Citation Manual for Professionals: A Quick Guide. Wiley, 2020.

The in-text citation will be:

Parenthetical: (Organisation Page)

Narrative: Organisation (Page)

Example:

Parenthetical: (Academic Writing Service 14)

Narrative: Academic Writing Service (14)

  • A Book With 2ndEdition Mentioned And Published By An Organisation.


The work cited entry will be:

Organization. Book Title. Edition, Publisher, Year of publication.

Example:

Academic Writing Association. The MLA Citation Manual for Professionals: A Quick Guide. 3rd ed., Miley, 2021.

The in-text citation will be:

Parenthetical: (Organization Page)

Narrative: Organization (Page)

Example:

Parenthetical: (Academic Writing Service 14)

Narrative: Academic Writing Service (14)

  • A Book With Revised Edition Mentioned And Published By An Organisation


The work cited entry will be:

Organization. Book Title. Edition, Publisher, Year of publication.

Example:

Academic Writing Association. The MLA Citation Manual for Professionals: A Quick Guide. Revised ed., Miley, 2021.

The in-text citation will be:

Parenthetical: (Organization Page)

Narrative: Organization (Page)

Example:

Parenthetical: (Academic Writing Association 13)

Narrative: Academic Writing Association (13)

  • A Book With 2ndEdition Mentioned And Published By 2 Authors.


The work cited entry will be:

Last Name of the first author, First Name of the first author, and First Name of the second author, Last Name of the second author. Book Title. Edition, Publisher, Year of publication.

Example:

Smith, Jones, and Barbara Michelle Adams. The MLA Citation Manual for Professionals: A Quick Guide. 2nd ed., Miley, 2021.

The in-text citation will be:

Parenthetical: (Author’s Last Name and Last Name Page)

Narrative: Author’s Last Name and Last Name (Page)

Example:

Parenthetical: (Smith and Adams 14)

Narrative: Smith and Williams (14)

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  • A Book With 2ndEdition Mentioned And Published By 3+ Authors


The work cited entry will be:

Last Name of the first author, First Name of the first author et al. Book Title. Edition, Publisher, Year of publication.

Example:

Smith, Thomas, et al. The MLA Citation Manual for Professionals: A Quick Guide. Revised ed., Miley, 2021.

In-text Citation will be:

Parenthetical: (Author’s Last Name et al. Page)

Narrative: Author’s Last Name and others (Page)

Example:

Parenthetical: (Smith et al. 21)

Narrative: Smith and others (21)

  • A Journal With 1 Author, Including Month And Year And DOI


The work cited entry will be:

Author’s Last Name, First Name. “Article Title.” Journal Title, vol. Volume, no. The issue, Month Year of publication, pp. Pages, https://doi.org/DOI.

Example:

Andreff, Vladimir. “The BuddingEuropean Framework of Professional Sports Finance.” Sports Economics Journal, vol. 3, no. 3, Sept. 2000, pp. 257–78, https://doi.org/10.1277/162700250000100304.

The in-text citation will be:

Parenthetical: (Author’s Last Name Page)

Narrative: Author’s Last Name (Page)

Example:

Parenthetical: (Andreff 250)

Narrative: Andreff (250)

  • A Journal With 2 Authors, Including Month And Year And DOI


The work cited entry will be:

Last Name of the 1st Author, First Name of the 1st Author, and  First Name of the 2nd Author Last Name of the 2nd author. “Title of Article.” Journal Title, vol. Volume, no. The issue, Month Publication Year of, pp. Pages, https://doi.org/DOI.

Example:

Andreff, Vladimir, and Paula E. Staudolar. “The Budding European Framework of Professional Sports Finance.” Sports Economics Journal, vol. 3, no. 3, Sept. 2000, pp. 257–78, https://doi.org/10.1177/162700250000100304.

The in-text citation will be

Parenthetical: (Author’s Last Name and Last Name Page)

Narrative: Author’s Last Name and Last Name (Page)

Example

Parenthetical: (Andreff and Staudohar 250)

Narrative: Andreff and Staudohar (250)

  • A Journal With 3+ Authors, Including Month And Year And DOI


The work cited entry will be:

Last Name of the 1st Author, First Name of the 1st Author et al. "Article Title.” Journal Title, vol. Volume, no. Issue, Publication Month Year, pp. Pages, https://doi.org/DOI.

Example

Andreff, Vladimir, et al. “The Budding European Framework of Professional Sports Finance.” Sports Economics Journal, vol. 3, no. 3, Sept. 2000, pp. 257–78, https://doi.org/10.1277/162700250000100304.

The in-text citation will be:

Parenthetical: (Author’s Last Name et al. Page)

Narrative: Author’s Last Name and others (Page)

Example:

Parenthetical: (Andreff et al. 250)

Narrative: Andreff and others (250)

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  • A Journal Published By An Organisation, Including Month And Year And DOI


The work cited entry will be:

Organization. “Article Title.” Journal Title, vol. Volume, no. Issue, Publication Month Year, pp. Pages, https://doi.org/DOI.

Example

Accenture. “The Budding European Framework of Professional Sports Finance.” Sports Economics Journal, vol. 3, no. 3, Sept. 2000, pp. 257–78, https://doi.org/10.1277/162700250000100304.

The in-text citation will be:

Parenthetical: (Organization Page)

Narrative: Organization (Page)

Example

Parenthetical: (Accenture250)

Narrative: Accenture (250)

  • A Journal Published By 1 Author  Including Year And DOI


The work cited entry will be:

Last Name of the Author, First Name of the Author. “Article Title.” Journal Title, vol. Volume, no. Issue, Publication Year, pp. Pages, https://doi.org/DOI.

Example

Andreff, Vladimir. “The Budding European Framework of Professional Sports Finance.” Sports Economics Journal, vol. 1, no. 3, 2000, pp. 257–76, https://doi.org/10.1277/152701250000100304.

The in-text citation will be

Parenthetical: (Author’s Last Name Page)

Narrative: Author’s Last Name (Page)

Example

Parenthetical: (Andreff 250)

Narrative: Andreff (250)

YouTube videos not uploaded by the author

The work cited entry will be

Last Name of the author, First Name of the Author. “Video Title.” Website, uploaded by Uploader, Day Month Year of publication, URL.

Example

Liu, Jessica. “Designing a Theoretical Model in Five Steps.” YouTube, uploaded by MAH, 20 June. 2021, www.youtube.com/watch?v=7y1CAqOnhMM.

The in-text citation will be

Parenthetical: (Author’s Last Name Timestamp)

Narrative: Author’s Last Name (Timestamp)

Example

Parenthetical: (Liu 01:25–02:10)

Narrative: Liu (01:15–02:10)

YouTube videos uploaded by the author

The work cited entry will be

“Video Title.” Website, uploaded by Uploader, Publication Day Month Year, URL.

Example:

“Designing a Theoretical Model in Five Steps.” YouTube, uploaded by MAH, 20 June. 2021, www.youtube.com/watch?v=7y1CAqOnhMM.

The in-text citation will be

Parenthetical: (“Short Title of Video” Timestamp)

Example:

Parenthetical: (“Design a Theoretical Model” 01:15–02:10)

  • A Webpage Published By 1 Author Including Full Date


The Work cited will be

Last Name of the Author’, First Name of the Author. “Work Title.” Website, Publication Day Month Year, URL.

Example

Slant, Royan. “Sharks Likely Affected by Great Pacific Garbage Patch.” The Ocean Cleanup, 20 May. 2020, www.theoceanclarningcampaign.com/updates/sharks-likely-affected-by-great-pacific-garbage-patch.

The in-text citation will be

Parenthetical: (Author’s Last Name)

Narrative: Author’s Last Name 

Example

Parenthetical: (Slant)

Narrative: Slant

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