Get Best Essay Written by Essay Writers
Phone no. Missing!

Enter phone no. to receive critical updates and urgent messages !

Attach file

Files Missing!

Please upload all relevant files for quick & complete assistance.

Guaranteed Higher Grade!
line wave

A Brief Guide To Vancouver Referencing

A Brief Guide To Vancouver Referencing

Are you wondering, "How I wish someone could tell me how to reference an academic paper perfectly and flawlessly in the Vancouver referencing style without a generator?" Let us tell you, you are not the only one. Unless you possess an in-depth understanding of various citation styles that exists out there and find their overly tricky guidelines easy to comprehend, most chances are that this thought has crossed your mind at least once, like numerous others.

Ask any student about citing their academic papers in Vancouver referencing style, and they will let you know how excruciating this affair can be. One needs to put substantial effort into citing the sources as you do when writing the paper itself.

If you're one of those students baffled by 'how to write in-text citations and bibliography per Vancouver referencing guidelines?' you don't need to search far and wide. In today's detailed post, we will walk you through certain essential guidelines and relevant examples that will enable you to nail your citations without using a Vancouver citation generator

Read Also: Web Design vs. Web Development

Vancouver Referencing Style: A Quick Overview

The Vancouver referencing style, also known as the author-number system, is a remarkable citation style that uses numbers within the text that refers to numbered entries in the reference list. The Vancouver referencing style is commonly used in medicine and physical sciences.

The Vancouver citation style comprises-

  • Citation to someone else’s work in the text, denoted by the use of a number

  • A sequentially numbered reference list at the end of an academic paper providing full details of the corresponding in-text references.

This specific citation style was formulated in 1978 by editors of medical journals in Vancouver, and more than 1000 medical journals presently use this style.

Drafting In-Text Citation In Vancouver Referencing Format

Here are certain remarkable guidelines you must follow to craft in-text citations correctly in Vancouver referencing style. Have a look-

  • In Vancouver style, citations should be marked in your paper with numbers. These numbers either appear in parentheses or superscripts. One must select one and stick to it consistently. For instance, Dickens (3) argues that….  Or Dickens3agrees that.

  • The number generally must appear after a direct quote or the author's name. They can also appear at the end of a sentence. Example- This scenario is hugely relevant to the field (4).

  • You should mention the author when introducing a quote or referring to work. Ensure to only use the author's last name in the text. If a source comes with multiple authors, name only the first author followed by et al.  Like, Dickens et al. (4) argue that…

  • You can also reference multiple sources in the same place. Like, Numerous papers (7,12) point to a similar effect. Again, to cite several sources that appear consecutively in the numbered list, you may use an en dash to mark the range. Like, There is a huge body of research (2,6-9) exploring this phenomenon.

  • While drafting in-text citations, it is also crucial to specify a page number or range when directly quoting a text or paraphrasing it. Place the page number followed by the reference number inside the same parentheses, preceded by 'p .'Example- Davis refers to his research as 'an exciting journey through America's disciplinary institutions .'(6, p. 599).  

  • If you use superscript numbers, the page numbers appear in superscript in parentheses after the reference number. Like, 'an exciting journey through America's disciplinary institutions.'2(p.299).

  • References should be numbered consecutively in the order they’re first mentioned. Place each reference number in parentheses throughout the text and tables. If the same reference is used again, re-use the original number.

  • Tables are numbered consecutively. Give a brief title for each table and give each column a short heading. Ensure the table is mentioned in the text. If the data is taken from another source, incorporate the source in the list of references at the end of the paper.

Read Also: Tips For MLA Citation Style

Creating A Reference List In Vancouver Referencing Style

As per the best minds who have designed remarkable Vancouver citation generators, the reference list is the place where you provide crucial information readers will need to look up sources cited in the text.

The reference list comprises a numbered list of all sources, offering key information, including the author, title, and publication date of each source.

  • The referencing page must appear at the end of the paper. Start the list on a new page.

  • The title ‘References’ must be either left justified or centered on the page.

  • The entries should appear as one numerical sequence in the order that the material is cited in the text of your paper.

  • Double line space between each citation.

  • Every entry ends with a full stop unless the last element is a URL or DOI

  • Each reference entry must begin with the author's last name and initials. When a source has more than one author, their names must be separated by commas. If a source has more than six authors, ensure to list the first six followed by 'et al.'

  • Only the first words of the title and subtitle of any resource, along with any proper nouns, must be capitalized.

  • Further, titles in Vancouver referencing are consistently written in plain text. Do not use italics or quotation marks.


Jameson S. Microscopic techniques in biology. Weinheim (Germany): Wiley-ACH; 2004

Henderson DP. Triggers of anxieties and schizophrenia. Symptoms. 2008; 65 (9): 973-7.

The Oxford Medical Dictionary. 7th  ed. USA: Collins Publications; 2006.987p.

Read Also: How to cite a Ted Talk?

How To Cite Various Kinds Of References In The Vancouver Style?

Now that you have become well-versed with the rules to create in-text citations and reference lists in the Vancouver style, it's time to develop a profound knowledge of how to cite different resources in the Vancouver referencing format without a generator.

Let’s check out the format and examples for the most commonly cited source kinds given below-













x. Author (s). Title. Edition. Publication Place: Publisher; Year.


1. Jameson IB, Richardson A, Samson K. Oxford Handbook of Psychology. 11th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2018.





Book Chapter



x. Author (s). Title of Chapter. In: Editor (s). Book Title. Publication Place: Publisher; Year. Page Range.


3. Richardson A. Models and Techniques. In: Jill DL, Ruse M, editors. The UK companion to linguistics. UK: UK University Press; 2005. p. 149-162.





Journal Article




x. Author (s). Article Title. Journal Name (abbreviated). Year Month Day; Volume (Issue): page range. Available from: URL DOI





5. Gordon A. A backstage politics: Autoethnography and a populist vision. JM Soc. 2017. Jan 24; 57(4): 500-575. Available from: DOI: 07.1008/a14178-015-9607-z.






x. Author (s). Title. [Internet]. Year [cited date]. Available from: URL



6. Cancer Research US. Present research into breast cancer [Internet] 2021 [cited 2021 Mar 17]. Available from: 




Electronic Book or





x. Author A, Author B. Title of the e-book: subtitle [format]. Place: Publisher; Date of original publication [cited year abbreviated month day]. Available from: URL





7. Mayer Susan, Fisher LD, Heagerty PJ, Jane A. Biomedicine: a methodology for the health sciences [e-book]. 1st ed. Jameson (NJ): Jameson InterScience; 2022 [cited 2007 Jul 27]. Available from:




Conference Paper In Print




x. Author of Paper A., Author of Paper, B. Title of Paper. In: Editor A, Editor  B, Editors. Title of published proceedings: Proceedings of the conference's title: subtitle of the conference; Year Month Date; Location. Place of publication: Publisher; Year. P. Inclusive page numbers



Jameson, A. Schools, and grief: how does the UK compare to the United States. In: Richardson Coowar: hidden grief: Proceedings of the 7th National Conference of the National Association For Loss and Grief (UK); 1992 Sep: Queensland. NSW: National Association for Loss and Grief; 1992. p. 156-201.


Conference Paper (Internet)


x. Editor A, Editor. Titles of the conference: subtitle of conference; Year Month Date; Location, Place of Publication: Name of Publisher; Year.


7. Jameson A, Richardson A, Stuart N. Qualitative Assistance for The Gradient Model of Pacemaker Heterogeneity. In: Proceedings of the 2007 Medicine and Biology 67 Annual Conference; 2008 Jan 1-5; Shanghai, China. UK; 2008 [cited 2009 Feb 2] p. 145-7. Available from:





x. Artist AA, Artist BB. Title of episode. Title of Program: subtitle [format] Place of recording: Publisher; Year Date of Recording [cited year date cited]. Available from: Internet Address


1. Jameson A. Leadership on the surface of the Earth. 2012 Sir James Lecture. [Internet]. Jameson, WA: Murdoch University; 2009 [cited 2009 Jun 5] Available from: https://lectures.murdoch ut=1569&id=81101.








x. Author AA. Title of Thesis: Subtitle. Unpublished Thesis Type [format]. Location of the University: University; Year.



2. Jameson MM. Infant Feeding and Sleep: A Telephonic Survey of Americans. PhD [dissertation]. Mount Pleasant (MI): Central Michigan University; 2008.

Read Also: Citing a Journal in Oxford Referencing Style

Parting Words

Creating in-text citations and referencing lists in Vancouver referencing style accurately is no walk in the park. However, this task will cease to be challenging if you're well-versed with the essential guidelines. Give this blog a thorough read, comprehend the format, and draw inspiration from the above-mentioned examples to nail your Vancouver citations like never before.

But, if you are still striving to draft accurate in-text citations and reference lists in Vancouver style, then no need to fret. Allessaywriter has arrived at your aid.

We are one of the most reliable academic writing service providers that offer a one-stop solution to all students struggling with tricky citation styles. Our citation specialists at Allessaywriter provide unmatched guidance in the best possible ways. We have also brought forth an impeccable Vancouver referencing generator that can generate unique solutions for multiple sources instantly, for FREE!.

Share Your Requirements

Was this helpful?
Thanks for your feedback!
 John Joseph
John Joseph

Fueling minds with words! I'm John Joseph, a passionate content creator at Join me on this journey of exploring stories, uncovering truths, and engaging readers with compelling narratives. Let's make every word count!

Click on stars to rate it
Your rating helps us improve - Thank you!

Get Essay Writing Assistance From Real Expert - No AI

Phone no. Missing!

Please enter phone for your order updates and other important order related communication.

Files Missing!

Please upload all relevant files for quick & complete assistance.


Get Instant Guidance from Top Scholars

Bid Adieu to Deadline Stress and Secure Top Scores