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Types Of Essays: Best Guide With All Classifications And Tips

Types of Essays

Written communication is an important skill to master in today's world. Most job roles require communication through emails, text messages, formal letters, and notes. Good writing skills allow you to communicate effectively and clearly express your opinions. One of the best ways to polish your writing skills is through essays.

Writing different types of essays will help you learn the nuances of writing, improve your writing skills, make you familiar with the writing technicalities, such as grammar, spelling, and punctuation, and hone your ability to develop an engaging argument and defend the same. In this blog, we will learn about the popular types of essay writing so you understand the basics and are able to differentiate between them before you start penning down your thoughts. So, sit tight!

What Are The Prime Types Of Essays?

Essays are an instrumental part of academic writing that focuses on informing or persuading the reader of the writer’s point. As a student, you will have to work on different types of essays throughout your academic career, often categorized as argumentative essays, narrative essays, expository essays, and descriptive essays. Let’s elaborate:

Argumentative Essay:

In an argumentative essay,you argue,specifically,for or against topic.Your essay must be evidence-based and include a strong thesis, clearly defining your stand on the topic. The primary aim of your essay is to convince readers of your position with thorough analysis and evidence.

Argumentative essays are the most common type of essay at college because it improves your research ability and allows you to present your understanding of a topic with relevant examples and research findings. These essays follow the standard essay structure:

  • The introduction provides basic information on the topic and thesis statement.
  • The body consistsof different arguments and evidence
  • The conclusion presents the summary of your main argument and its significance.

Generally, there are three types of argumentative essays: Classical argumentative essay, Rogerian argumentative essay, and Toulmin argumentative essay. Each essay type follows the basic essay format to present a particular position of a claim with relevant explanation and evidence and an overall conclusion.

Expository Essay:

An expository essay focuses on communicating a particular position on a topic with factual evidence. This kind of writing demands critical thinking, as the writer needs to study the given information, critically evaluate the concepts, and explain the reasons behind a particular conclusion.

Unlike typical essay writing, the quality of expository writing depends on your ability to position the facts and observations effectively so they speak for themselves in the best possible manner. The main purpose of expository essays is to educate readers about a particular subject. A well-written piece will demonstrate your knowledge of the subject and the learning process.

There are several types of expository essays, but the popular ones are as follows:

  • Classification essays
  • Definition essays
  • Process essays
  • Compare-and-contrast essays
  • Cause-and-effect essays

We’ll talk in detail about the types of expository essays in the following sections.

Narrative Essay:

A narrative essay is all about telling a story. It is the most personal type of essay writing as it focuses on the writer’s personal narratives. Rather than making and defending a coherent argument as you do in argumentative essays, a narrative essay focuses on several literary devices, such as similes, imagery, alliteration, metaphor, dialogue, etc., to build an engaging narrative following a standard structure.

The main purpose of narrative writing is to take the reader on a journey with your narration.It must start with an interesting opening to grab the reader’s attention. Unlike other essay types, expository compare and contrast, narrative writing gives you the room to share your personal opinions in a storytelling manner using first-person nouns. A personal statement is a common example of a narrative paper where you talk about yourself to persuade the reader why you fit a particular job role or admission in an institution.

The distinctive features of a narrative paper include the following:

  • Plot refers to the instances and events you talk about in your essay.
  • Setting refers to the time and place of the events
  • Character refers to the protagonist.
  • Conflictis the issue or a challenging moment the protagonist has to solve
  • The themeis the moral or lessons learned or what you want the reader to know.

Descriptive Essay:

Now that we have covered the basics of narrative and expository writing, let’s discuss another important essay type: descriptive writing. A descriptive essay is not like other essay types. In most essays, you have to prove a particular viewpoint and inform or persuade the reader. But in descriptive writing, your ability to use language creatively to describe something with vivid imagery and sensory details comes to the forefront.

Unlike a narrative essay,descriptive essays aim to narrow the focus and focus on a particular aspect of a topic, be it an object, place, person, situation, emotion, personal experience, etc. While writing, your focus should be on using specific and evocative words and different emotional appeals to paint a picture in a reader’s mind. By doing so, you can evoke emotions in the reader and make them feel as if they are a part of the story, experiencing things firsthand.

Generally, writers take two different approaches to describe the main points in descriptive college essays:

  • Personal essay:In this type of essay, you discuss your experiences using personal anecdotes and responses to elicit empathy from the reader. The success of a personal essay depends on your ability to express your experiences using vivid and evocative language.
  • Formal description: This type of writing resembles argumentative essays. The main goal is to communicate the key points of an original argumentin a clear structure. Instead of entirely focusing on your experience, you should use a specific set of information to paint a clear portrait of your description for your

What Are the Other Types of Essays?

Like it or not, you will have to work on different types of essays in school, college, and beyond. Nothing is more daunting than writing contrast essays for class or an expository essay for a class competition when you don’t know the essay fundamentals or the key differences between various essay types. So here are other important types you should know about:

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Informative essays

An informative essay explains a topic. Unlike reflective essays or a descriptive essay, informative writing focuses on an objective and does not focus on personal analysis of a topic. Instead, it should be factual. To learn more about different types of informative essays, you can buy essay help from professional writing coaches.


A definition essay explains the meaning of a term or idea and explores different aspects and contexts of the term/idea with examples.


Such a paper provides the steps or actions needed to complete a particular task in detail, using relevant language or diagrams and a relevant example.


In such papers, you will need to categorize the subject into various groups based on specific characteristics and explain each group in detail with examples.

Compare and contrast:

This type of informative essay evaluates the similarities and differences between two subjects or two concepts. It analyzes their features, qualities, or characteristics and highlights the common features and differences.

Cause and effect:

A cause-and-effect essay explores what causes a particular event, situation, or phenomenon and examines its negative impact. For more details on the types of informative essays, you can seek an essay writing service from professional writers.


A persuasive essay is a type of writing that uses logical reasoning with an emotional appeal to persuade the reader to a particular viewpoint. Persuasive essays can be both educational and personal. To become a good persuasive essay writer, you should establish a stand with concrete data from reliable sources and back it up with anecdotal experience and a relevant example.


An analytical essay requires you to intricately examine a specific topic from a critical aspect to prove a theory or draw a conclusion with an example. Such essays usually deal with art, film, music, or literature, dissecting a particular theme and finding hidden meaning. Analytical essays are similar to expository writing and must not be biased, opinionated, or persuasive. A popular analytical essay example is the character of Hamlet, as it has multiple interpretations.


Essays on informal topics are the easiest form of writing because you don't have to follow a specific structure like you need to for writing a critical essay or an admission essay. The paper is solely based on your ideas and reflections. Unlike analytical essays or persuasive essays, an informal essay is often written in the first or second person and uses a conversational tone in order to connect with the reader.


The best way to define a classification essay is that it is a formal type of writing that focuses on showcasing your categorizing and generalization skills. Such papers test your abilities to sort and organize things and give a relevant example for each group or category. As a writer, it’s on you to decide on the criteria for each classification, but you must explain with reasoning.


A deductive essay is a form of academic essay that follows a unique and structured approach to presenting an argument. In such essays, you must begin your paper with a hypothesis and give a specific example and evidence from authoritative online sources to validate your initial stand and come up with a well-founded conclusion.


Admission essays are one of the most popular genres of essays in academics. It is a critical part of your college application and can determine whether you make it to your dream college or university. A college admission essay should include all the components that highlight you and your abilities. It should be personal yet formal and abide by the standard guidelines of the applied college or university.

Important Tips for Writing Different Types of Essay Structure

Irrespective of the type, the basic essay structure consists of the introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion.

Introduction Body Conclusion
  • Present your topic Provide background information
  • Give a strong thesis
  • Main arguments and analysis
  • Evidence and example One key point in each paragraph
  • Each paragraph should have a topic sentence
  • Paragraphs should be relevant to the thesis
  • Summarize the key points
  • State why your argument counts

However, there are several organizational structures you can follow to organize your essay. Let’s look at the two commonly used structures:

Chronological structure

The chronological approach is the form of essay structuring. Here, you can discuss the events in accordance with their appearance. Here's the general template of the structure.

  • Introduction
    • Hook
    • Background
    • Thesis statement
  • Event one
    • Discussion of event
    • Consequences
  • Event two
    • Discussion of event
    • Consequences
  • Even three
    • Discussion of event
    • Consequences
  • Conclusion
    • Summary
    • Topic importance
    • Closing statement

Problems-methods-solutions structure

An essay that focuses on a specific issue can be structured according to this style. Here’s the template:

  • Introduction
    • Introduce the problem
    • Provide background
    • Describe your approach
  • Problem
    • Define the problem
    • Describe itsimportance
  • Method
    • Indicate previous approaches
    • Present yourapproach and explain why it's better
  • Solution
    • Apply the chosenmethod
    • Indicate the solution
  • Conclusion
    • Assess the effectiveness of the solution
    • Highlight the implications
    • Closing statement

When writing college essays, stick to the structuring guidelines suggested by your instructor. Here are a few helpful tips to consider while structuring and formatting an essay:

  • Give enough time to write and organize the essay. Keep buffer time to modify it without rushing.
  • Follow the chosen essay structure.
  • Include relevant background information.
  • Start with simpler claims before moving to complicated discussions
  • Reiterate your readers of the thesis and remove unnecessary wordiness

Types of Formats for Essays

To write a high-scoring essay, you must get the structure and format right. Here are the mostly used formats for all types of essays: 

MLA Format

  • Font:12pt Times New Roman
  • Spacing:Double-spaced everywhere; no extra spaces between paragraphs
  • Heading:
  • Your name
  • Professor’s name
  • The class
  • Date
  • Margins:One-inch margin on all sides
  • Page numbers:The last name and page number will appear as a " header " on every page of the essay.
  • Title:Accurately formatted title, centered and above the first line of the essay in the same font and font size
  • Indentation:½ inch
  • Align:Left-hand side alignment

APA Format

  • Font:12pt Times New Roman
  • Spacing:Double spaced
  • Headings:Written in bold and title following the standard writing criteria
  • Margins:One-inch margin on all sides
  • Page numbers:Insert a “header” at the top left of each page of your essay within 50 characters with spacing. Write the number in the top right corner.
  • Title:
  • Title of the essay
  • Your name
  • Your college name
  • Course title
  • Instructor name
  • Date

Chicago Style

  • Title page:
  • Write the title in one line, double-spaced
  • Write your full name in the center of the page
  • Write the course number, instructor’s name, and the date double-spaced down the page
  • Margins: One-inch margin apart from the right
  • Spacing: Double-spaced; no extra spacing between paragraphs
  • Font:12pt Times New Roman
  • Page numbers:
  • Last name and page number will go on every page on the top right
  • Do not number the title page. Start the first page of the essay with a 2.
  • Footnotes:Mandatory for paraphrased or quoted sections
  • Bibliography: Gather the cited information and input it accurately. Helps Polish Any Type of Essay Writing

Writing a well-structured essay can intimidate even the best of students when they have inadequate knowledge of the topic, lack resources, and have a tight deadline. Thankfully, everything can be managed with a little help from experts. If you want to learn about the fundamentals of different types of essays, you can connect with the writing coaches at Allessaywriter.

Our experienced team of writers, researchers, editors, and proofreaders is highly professional and dedicated unlike most online writers with a fleeting nature. From offering hand-held support with all types of essays to offering custom study solutions, you are guaranteed to get comprehensive guidance from the best writers.

Want to discuss for your essay? Connect with our expert writers


Allessaywriter also has a vast sample repository with 500+ reference copies. So, whether you are looking for blogs on the types of hooks for essays or argumentative papers written in figurative language for college goers, this is the site you can trust for one-to-one support.

Final Thought

All these types of writing essays can seem daunting, but trust us, things become easy with practice. Hence, gather all your interest and dedicate enough time to practicing to become a skilled writer. In case you want someone to guide you, you can contact Allessaywriter for the best possible essay writing support. Visit the site for different types of hooks for essays, sample copies, and more.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is an essay? arrow

An essay is a piece of writing that focuses on convincing someone of something or simply informing the readers about a particular topic. There are various kinds of essays, such as descriptive, analytical, and application, to name a few. Each essay type follows a unique writing and formatting guideline.

What is the simplest type of essay to write? arrow

According to experts, expository papers are the easiest type to write because all you have to do is explain or inform them about the topic. You don't have to research credible online resources to find data to persuade or make an argument; you are only explaining something with facts. 

What is a Compare and Contrast Essay? arrow

A compare-and-contrast essay identifies the similarities and differences between two ideas. The comparison can be between objects, ideas, people, situations, etc.


How do I structure an essay? arrow

The general essay structure consists of an introduction with a hook, a body, and a conclusion. In the introduction, you present the topic and thesis. The body contains detailed analysis and arguments and a well-rounded conclusion. 

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